Wood Species

Spruce (Picea abies) is uniformly-white with a golden hue and silky luster. It is able to retain its natural color for a long time. The heartwood is not distinct from sapwood. Spruce is straight-grained with thin and regular texture. It is light and soft, but nevertheless has good strength and elasticity properties for its relatively light weight. It is not very susceptible to shrinkage and when dried remains stable. Its low natural durability can be compensated for by applying a protective coat of paint. It is less well suited to impregnation.

   Features
  • Good planning and shaping quality
  • Light in colour
  • Outstanding working properties
  • Light weight
  • Economical
  • Softwood
   Applications
  • Building and construction
  • Interior finishing
  • Furniture
  • Manufacturing composite wood materials
  • Musical Instruments

New Zealand Pine, also known as Pinus Radiata, is originally a native of California, excels in Southern New Zealand soils and climatic conditions. It provides a strong, economical and versatile light coloured timber. Tall, clear trunks produce timber highly suited for furniture and all forms of show wood applications.

  Features
  • Strong
  • Versatile
  • Sustainable
  • Adaptable
  • Friendly to staining
  Applications
  • Furniture
  • Packaging
  • Flush Doors

White Ash (Fraxinus Americana) is strong, fairly hard, heavy, very tough and durable. Generally light in colour, it is coarse but the grain is fairly straight. As a result of its strength and durability, ash wood has an array of uses but is commonly used in the making of tools, furniture and frames. Ash has excellent bending and finishing qualities.

   Features
  • High density hardwood
  • Shock resistant
  • Light weight
  • Durable
  • Stains and polishes well
  Applications
  • Furniture, flooring, doors
  • Architectural millwork and moulding
  • Baseball bats, hockey sticks, billiard cues
  • Skis, oars and turnings

Beech wood (Fagus sylvatica) is medium to heavyweight. It is very hard and tough. It has good strength properties and high abrasion resistance.

  Features
  • Well suited for impregnation
  • Strong, hardwood
  • Excellent bending capabilities
  • Wear Resistant
  • Economical
  • Easy workability
   Applications
  • Stairs, parquet flooring
  • Tools, household equipment
  • Model building
  • Pianos
  • Small utility items (key chains, pen stands, hangers, etc.)
  • Furniture, chairs and tables
  • Toys

Originating from western Canada, hemlock features a fine texture and a straight, uniform grain. Its light heartwood also makes it a popular choice for applications because it requires minimal bleaching. It produces a lustrous pale timber that is an attractive choice for carving. Hemlock is used in construction but as softwood is not durable and requires treatment for external use. Hemlock is one of the best pulp woods for paper and paperboard products.

   Features
  • Good strength-to-weight ratio
  • Excellent machining properties
  • Good sanding, staining and painting properties
  • Glues satisfactorily
  • Turns, planes and shapes well
  • Good nail and screw-holding ability
  • Polishes Beautifully
  Applications
  • Joinery, cabinetry
  • Flooring and Ceiling
  • Plywood
  • Doorframes, windows
  • Staircases
  • Construction
  • Crates, packing cases

The Solomon Sal tree, native to the Asian subcontinent, is moderate to the slow-growing tree, which can attain a height of 30-35 meter and a trunk diameter of up to 2 – 2.5 m. Sal is one of the most important sources of hardwood timber in Asia, with hard, coarse-grained wood that is light pinkish or yellowish in colour. The wood is resinous and durable and is sought-after for construction. It is mainly used to provide support and strength and not for furnishing.

  Features
  • Moderately expensive
  • Resistant to the attack of fungus, insects and white ants
  • Economical
  Applications
  • Doors
  • Wooden beams
  • Tiles
  • Structural usage.
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